The cultivation of vines goes back to antiquity in the countries that surround the Mediterranean Sea. It’s likely that the Romans brought the practice of viticulture to what is now modern day France. Like many other European countries under Roman rule, by the time Rome fell and barbarian tribes invaded, wine was firmly established as a trading commodity and a part of everyday life.France is currently the world’s number one producer of wine by volume. Nearly every type of wine imaginable is made in styles that vary from modern to very traditional.When it comes to what is grown in each wine region, the French have very strict controls on the varietals that go into any wine under the AOC system. Some regions are more clearly defined by a single varietal. Other regions grow a very wide variety of grapes and blends are common.